Rights to Health
National Health Commission Office (NHCO) in collaboration with the Health Laws and Ethics Center, Law Faculty, Thammasat University have been translating the National Health Act - particularly on Article 5-12 which stipulate the rights and duties of an individual on health - into action. Both organizations begin with building knowledge and understanding on these matters to the public.
Article 12 states the rights to deny life saving medical treatment at the terminal stage of life. This right is the basic right that all patients possess. However, this right is mostly in the hand of doctors and their relatives, but not the patients especially ones at the terminal ill stage.
Some decisions of doctors and the relatives could lead to other problems such as unnecessary treatments and expenses as well as family conflicts. The decision, whether to deny and accept the further medical care for the terminal ill patients, is hard to make.
As a result, NHCO and the Health Laws and Ethics Center have been pushing forward the ministerial regulation to support Article 12.