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Organizational Structure


The National Health Commission (NHC)
The Executive Board (EB)
The National Health Commission Office (NHCO)


The National Health Commission or "NHC" is an organization that performs the duties of establishing policy, direction, development, and solution for all areas relevant to birth, living, old age, injury, and death for the happiness of all members of society.

According to the National Health Act B.E. 2550 (2007), NHC consists of:
(1) The Prime Minister or the Deputy Prime Minister entrusted by the Prime Minister as Chairperson;

(2) The Minister of Public Health as Vice Chairperson;

(3) Not exceeding five Ministers designated by the Prime Minister as members;

(4) The President of the National Economic and Social Advisory Council as member;

(5) The President of the National Human Rights Commission as member;

(6) Representatives of the local government organizations, being selected among themselves to be four in number, as members;

(7) A representative from each of the public health professional organizations established by law, as members;

(8) Representatives of the professional committees established under the law on practicing the art of healing, being elected among themselves to be one in number, as member;

(9) Qualified persons of any field other than those of public health professional practitioners, being elected among themselves to be six in number, as members;

(10) Representatives of organizations from private sector without profit seeking objectives, notwithstanding they are juristic persons or not, being selected among themselves to be thirteen in number, as members.

The Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office shall be member and secretary, and shall appoint not more than two officials of the Office to be assistant-secretaries.

The NHC has the following powers and duties:

1. To create national health system statute as a framework for establishment of policy, strategy, and work related to national health and providing a review every 5 years.

2. To create or promote a development process for health policy and strategy through consistent participation.

3. To establish conditions and methods in tracking and evaluation of the national health system and health impact assessment.

4. To promote health assembly on a specific locality or health assembly on a specific topic and to organize the national health assembly as a participatory process leading to proposal of public health policy for the well-being and happiness of the general public.

5. To provide suggestion or advice to the council of ministers regarding policy and strategy related to health and to track results of work that has been proposed or advised and to communicate it with the public.

6. To establish the Executive Board of the National Health Commission Office

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The Executive Board of the National Health Commission Office (EB)

The Executive Board of the National Health Commission Office or "EB" is appointed by NHC

According to the National Health Act B.E. 2550 (2007), EB consists of:

1. President.

2. One appointed representative of the Ministry of Public Health.

3. Not more than five appointed Board members from qualified persons.

4. The Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office is Board member and Secretary.

The EB has the following powers and duties:

(1) To make policy and supervise the performance of activities of the Office for the sound and effective management and attaining the objectives within the powers and duties;

(2) To determine the qualifications of the Secretary-General and Deputy Secretary-General and to proceed with the selection for the Secretary - General in accordance with the rule prescribed by NHC;

(3) To approve the principal work plan, performance plan, financial plan, and annual budget estimate of the Office;

(4) To issue a regulation, rule, or notification under this Act;

(5) To provide an evaluation of the performance of duties of the Office and report to NHC at least once a year;

(6) To provide an evaluation of the performance of duties of the Secretary-General;

(7) To appoint a sub-committee for the performance of duties entrusted by the Executive Committee;

(8) To perform other duties prescribed under this Act or as entrusted by NHC.

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The National Health Commission Office (NHCO)

The National Health Commission Office, or "NHCO", is a government agency established as juristic person under supervision of the prime minister in accordance with the National Health Act B.E. 2550 and as secretariat for the National Health Commission (NHC).

According to the National Health Act B.E. 2550 (2007), there shall be one Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office appointed by the Prime Minister and selected by the EB and with consent of the NHC. The Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office serves a 4 year term and may be re-appointed but may not serve more than 2 consecutive terms.

The Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office is responsible for the administration of NHCO directly under the NHC. The Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office has duties to supervise the general activities of NHCO and to manage all employees and staff members at the NHCO. Furthermore, there may also be a Deputy Secretary-General according to amount specified by the EB and appointed by the Secretary-General of the National Health Commission Office with the consent of EB to perform duties in assisting, delegating, and conducting various assignments.

The primary duties of NHCO are as follows:
(1) To be responsible for the administrative affairs of the NHC and the Board.

(2) To co-ordinate with agencies involved in policies and strategies of the government and other agencies both of public and private sectors which carry out the activities relating to health and to arrange for co-operation in the level of formulation of policies, strategies, and work plans regarding health.

(3) To survey, study, and analyze various data as well as circumstances of health system in order to prepare reports for the performance of activities under the National Health Act.

(4) To organize National Health Assembly and to support the organization of Health Assembly in a specific locality or on a specific issue for accomplishment of the resolutions of NHC.

(5) To perform other duties prescribed under the National Health Act or other laws or as entrusted by the council of ministers or NHC.

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Reference :National Health Commission Office (NHCO)

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