Health Impact Assessment (HIA)
Health Impact Assessment is a joint learning process of our society to assessing impact on health and social determinants of health from policies, programmes and projects using quantitative, qualitative and participatory techniques. It aims to develop evidence-based recommendations that inform decision-making in order to protect and improve society’s health and wellbeing. We promote HIA at the national and community levels while also expanding it into ASEAN countries.
Since 2009, HIA Commission is established to develop HIA system and mechanism including knowledge management and capacity building.
Apart from the Commission, HIA Consortium is also set up under collaboration with at least nine universities to give a technical support to the Commission and lean a helping hand to communities.
A community or a group of affected people themselves can submit a petition to NHCO requesting assessment of the health impact of public policies, programmes and projects. At various occasions, we facilitate HIA to support the communities as well as encourage them to conduct HIA. Projects including Maptaphut industrial estate in Rayong province, biomass power plant in Roi-et and Surin provinces, gold mining in Loei and Phitsanulok province, a commercial port in Chachoengsao province, etc. We also conduct a series of HIA training courses in 5 regions of Thailand to capacity building local communities and related stakeholder to do HIA by themselves.